“We don’t want to foster identities of students who can and students who can’t,” says David Dockterman, an expert on learner variability and personalized learning. Instead, he says, we want to “help students see themselves progress.” When you celebrate each student’s accumulated mastery, and use that progress to determine the next step in their individual path, you will encourage persistence and growth.
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What is self-efficacy — and what challenges it?
Self-efficacy is the belief that we can achieve a desired goal through our actions, say Bondie and Dockterman. When we believe in our ability to perform a task — whether it’s writing an essay, mastering a new technology, or motivating a group of disengaged students — we are prompted to act.